19. Personnel expenses

Personnel expenses are made up as follows:

Personnel expenses
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in EUR thousands

1/3/2013
–28/2/2014

1/3/2012
–28/2/2013

Wages and salaries

–158,399

–167,641

Social security contributions and other social expenses

–28,895

–24,927

Expenses for defined benefit plans

–3,422

–2,281

Expenses for defined contribution plans

–6,045

–6,604

Total

–196,761

–201,453

Expenses for defined benefit and defined contribution plans relate to Group expenses for defined benefit and defined contribution pension plans and similar obligations. The expenses for defined benefit plans affect service costs. They do not contain the net interest expenses of defined benefit obligations associated with pension expenses. These are shown in the income statement under ‘Financial expenses’.

In the reporting period and the comparative period, the average number of employees in the Nordzucker Group was as follows:

Average number of employees
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1/3/2013
–28/2/2014

1/3/2012
–28/2/2013

Central Europe

1,247

1,242

Northern Europe (including Ireland)

1,509

1,504

Eastern Europe

523

544

Total

3,279

3,290